Physics and chemistry are the two forces that produce your tasty toast. How does a toaster work? You can now read the simple explanation behind the scientific process.
The toaster is the most indispensable unit of a kitchen which we can always rely on to satisfy our hungry bellies. Breakfast is the most important meal of the day that you must not skip if you want to avoid dizziness or a growling stomach. The toaster could provide a nutritious breakfast that will fuel you for the whole day.
You might merely treat it as a solution to your cravings, but there is more science than that. The genius inside the toaster must be explained, and trust us, the technology is very fascinating. You will not look at toasters the same way before after reading this article.
How hot does a toaster get in Fahrenheit?
No one would want burnt toast or any burnt food. This is the magic of the toaster—releasing crispy but unburned food. According to cnet the chemicals are interacting in ways that will prevent burning the food. The amino acids and sugar react to each other and will form a range of complex chemicals.
One of these complex chemicals is the acetyl-tetrahydropyridine. It isn’t present in uncooked food. It gives out a distinctive and unique smell for humans to acknowledge that it is safe to eat it. This chemical reaction appeals to the senses that will tell us that the food is cooked and therefore will not be poisonous or dangerous to our bodies. This chemical is also responsible for producing flavors in our food. This is called the Maillard reaction.
The Maillard reaction will only be possible with the right temperature of the toaster. It is only possible within a narrow temperature rage which is between about 285°F/ 140°C and 320°F/ 160°C. If you go lower than that then you would not be able to reach the reaction. You’ll only get warm bread if you will not follow the rage. But of course, you shouldn’t go over than the preferred temperature because if you go higher, you’ll end up burning food. Burnt food happens when the flavors of the chemicals break down.
Nichrome wire as the toaster heating element
The nichrome wire, made up of nickel-and-chromium alloy, in one or more loops, is the one responsible for the toaster to run smoothly. The nichrome wire fights oxidation and has electrical resistance, and has a very high melting point.
Nichrome wire is the one of the most versatile and most preferred material for making a toaster work because it doesn’t tarnish or rust. Because of its properties, you can run electricity through it because it wouldn’t melt or break. The other wires may have lesser properties that cannot stand better than the nichrome wire.
Nichrome wires are mostly used in electrical heating systems. In toasters, it will release an infra-red heat that can be usually seen when you flick the switch.
According to cnet, for toasters to fully operate, there is the pop-up tray. The tray is spring-loaded. When you push the lever down, this will pull the spring and pushes the tray down until it reaches a latch that holds it into place.
Are you wondering how your bread is being held vertically? This is due to the metal grills. The metal grills are so important because they hold the bread in place, preventing it from falling or touching the nichrome wires. The latch is also holding the tray down. The latch is linked to the timer. The timer is controlled by a bi-metallic switch.
The two metals placed close to each other will expand at different speeds. When you turn on the toaster, the electricity will run through the switch then the metals will heat up. After all the heating process, the metals will eventually expand then push apart. It will break the circuit and the spring-loaded tray latch will get released. Your toast will pop up. We recommend to choose toasters that feature an automatic pop-up because it is much safer and more convenient for you to retrieve the slices.
According to cnet, the dial on your toaster is the one that controls how much electricity goes through this switch. A lower current means the switch takes longer to activate, so the more toasted your bread becomes while a higher current means more heating, so the switch is triggered quicker. This also explains why your toast comes out more well done on very cold mornings: if the bi-metallic switch is cold, it will take longer to heat up and break the circuit.
Are toasters safe?
Can be yes and no. Of course, every appliance that uses electricity could be a fire hazard. But it doesn’t mean that you should let fear rule over you. Even ladders could fall on you if you aren’t careful. It is normal to be afraid because it will help us protect our homes from possible dangers, but fear could also be managed by being responsible enough to prevent consequences.
First, unplug your toaster when not in use. You should also apply it to all of your appliances even with your mobile phones. Also, you should not charge your mobile phones overnight because it might lead to overheating.
Upon going out, check if all of your appliances are plugged off. Better yet, proceed directly to the circuit breaker.
Second, you must follow the instructions when you are operating the unit. Consult with experts or perhaps an experienced friend when choosing a toaster because your electrical system may not be able to accommodate the toaster voltage. Choose the right toaster that will not result to short circuit. Usually, you use 800 to 1500 watts of energy when it comes to bread toasters, an average toaster will use around 1200 watts.
Third, you must regularly clean your toaster and of course, this goes to all appliances as well. For toasters, it’s convenient to clean up after every use because most of the toasters in the market right now feature a removable crumb tray for easy retrieval of smaller pieces of bread. Tiny crumbs may complicate the inner workings of the toaster, so you must be wise enough to remove them right away.
Cleaning will reduce the chance of your appliances catching fire. An important tip to remember in case of fire is to use a blanket to kill the fire and not water. Never use water around electricity and also it can provoke the fire when it is of grease or chemical.
The grease could spread through the walls and cupboards at the kitchen when water is used It is like gasoline, it separates from water and would stay flammable that would cause a bigger fire.
This is why it is important for you to invest in a fire extinguisher because the kitchen is the place that will mostly likely to catch on fire. Protect your loved ones and your property by investing in a fire extinguisher. A fire extinguisher could be the right solution to unexpected fires such as someone who caught fire while they are cooking. It could save lives and prevent burns.
Do you sometimes get irritated from the movies when there’s a fire and suddenly the fire extinguisher isn’t accessible or placed behind glass? This is common in real life too! You must stop this practice and place the fire extinguisher mounted on the wall where everyone could have access to it. No chain must bind it as well. Everyone could be a victim of fire, and anyone could put it out in the most defining moment.
No matter the hazard, toasters are always going to be indispensable. Let’s not hold appliances accountable for fire but ourselves. Let’s be responsible, and we salute to you because if you’re reading this, you must actually be a responsible person who is preparing and constantly learning about the inner workings of your appliances.